CO3 consortium

CO3 project consortium gathers 7 European Partners with required skills, complementary expertise and capabilities. They will tackle the ambitious improvement objectives expected such as to improve: thermal spray metallization demonstration of non-metallic substrates, deposition efficiency and microstructure characteristics, optimal processing conditions and its effect of on coating characteristics, robotized manufacturing capacity, CS process demonstrator and awareness raising towards other areas of aircraft applications.

LIST - Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology 
CO3 project coordinator

LIST is a mission-driven Research and Technology Organization that develops technology-intensive solutions focussed on environmental innovation, digitization and advanced materials. We transfer technologies to industrial partners from sectors such as manufacturing, automobile, logistics, biotech, energy, space, construction, water, agriculture, viticulture and more.

At the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), we develop innovative and competitive solutions in response to the key needs of Luxembourg and European companies. Our institute is constantly developing. It is a necessity due to technological and social change, industrial evolution, and an ever-changing list of challenges and opportunities.  

We are member of the European Association of Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO). As such, we establish a link between research and society as a whole. Our approach is to ensure that transfers take place between these two spheres. LIST’s mission is to strengthen the economy through industrial innovation in Luxembourg, and to deliver projects benefitting society and quality of life in general.

We draw our strength from our employees. More than 75% are researchers and innovation experts. They are organised in three research departments which represent the backbone of our activity as a RTO.

Role in the CO3 project:

LIST act as Project Coordinator for the CO3 Project. 

LIST will be in charge of the polymer and composite samples and demonstrator manufacturing, a part of the non-destructive testing and the durability and ageing test. The new Structural Composite Processing laboratory in frame of the National Composite Initiative represent a strong interest for the project as the main aeronautics moulding process technology are represented. LIST will be able to manufacture in industry-like protocol samples by conventional LSP integration technologies as well as sample ready to be coated by cold spray technology. LIST’s researchers will contribute to the characterisation from the nano scale (Atomic Force Microscopy), micro scale by micro tomography and macro-scale by ultrasonic methods. Non-destructive method coupled with destructive characterisation such as pull out test will help the LIST for the identification of the bonding mechanisms of the coating and the durability behaviour.


A leading innovator through collaborative research.

ARMINES is a private non-profit research and technological organisation (RTO) funded in 1967 at the instigation of its partner engineering schools, the Ecoles des Mines network.

ARMINES currently shares 48 Joint Research Units (Common Research Centres) with its partner schools, where each legal entity, either private or public, provides personnel, investment and operating resources for common research purpose.

Under the supervision of the French Ministry for Economy, Industry and Digital Technology, ARMINES is bound by French government-approved agreements to its partner schools of the Ecoles des Mines network: Paris (Mines ParisTech), Albi-Carmaux (Mines Albi-Carmaux), Alès (Mines Alès), Douai (Mines Douai), Nantes (Mines Nantes) and Saint-Etienne (MINES Saint-Etienne). ARMINES also collaborates with ENSTA ParisTech.


CM2T is born in 1988 and was initially located at Ecole des Mines de Nancy.

CM2T is the first French center to be equipped with the CS technology in 2002. The 2T is labeled resource center (AFNOR label). CM2T has participated in academic research (F. Raletz PhD Thesis- 2002-2005) works leading to scientific publications with the SPCTS (Limoges). 2T provides services ranging from feasibility studies to technology transfer operations with small, medium and large companies. 2T has extensive experience in cold spray spraying of copper, nickel and aluminum base materials for automotive, aerospace (thermal management, turbine blade repairs, wings repair and corrosion protection) and energy applications (Conductive Deposits: Cu, Al, Ag, brazing alloys).

CM2T participated in FUI type projects integrating cold spray as the main development technology (ZIRCOSPRAY, PROTECTOR).

CM2T already collaborate with Critt TJFU and IS through SURFO3M Plateform based in Bar le Duc. We are working around SCN (Super critic Nitrogen)/ CS (Cold spray) Hybridization and especially through a Regional Scientific resourcing around the metallization of polymer and composites for metal/ composites assembly. SOPRODSYSE project: ICCEL inter activity domain project: studyHybridization of cold spray and MAO (Micro Arc oxidation)

With more than 15 years of experience in coldspraying we can offer strongs theorical and practical skills for this ambitious project with only a few risks. 

Our activities:

  • Cold spray test and training.
  • Feasabilty studies with national and international compagnies.
  • Robotized coatings on small to large parts.
  • R&D, R&T actions: additive manufacturing, surface functionalization.

Role in the project : General Project Leader. 

  • Optimization of metallization of CFRP and polymer through innovative solutions (WP2).
  • DEO management Coating of the near net shape prototypes (WP2) and final prototype (WP4).

MINES ParisTech

Excellence of Research

Two Nobel laureates were trained at the School: Georges Charpak (Physics, 1992) and Maurice Allais (Economics, 1988). Our alumni enjoy challenging careers in a variety of fields.

You possess curiosity and you wish to move towards tomorrow’s world, you will then see that research at MINES ParisTech is based on creativity, and anticipating a constantly evolving world; with its wide range of disciplines, the School is a leader in many areas. Here are five major fields in which it excels:

  • Earth sciences and environment
  • Energy and process engineering
  • Mechanical engineering and materials
  • Mathematics and systems
  • Economics, management and society
  • 18 research centres extending over five different fields
  • 286 research professors
  • The leading school in France for its volume of contractual research
  • Major research themes are essentially based on problems raised by industry, including MITAL, EDF, TOTAL, RENAULT, PSA, SNECMA, GDF and SAINT-GOBAIN, as well as society as a whole.
  • A €30 million turnover including contracts with business partners

PZL Mielec

Polskie Zakłady Lotnicze Sp. z o.o. – PZL Mielec A Sikorsky Aircraft Company  is the biggest Polish manufacturer of aircraft, currently expanding its production profile to include aerostructures and helicopters. On March 16, 2007, 100% of the shares of Polskie Zakłady Lotnicze Sp. z o.o. were purchased from ARP S.A. by United Technologies Holdings S.A. (UTH), a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation (UTC). The new era was initiated not only in the history of Mielec aviation industry but also in the history of the company itself. 

In 2015, Sikorsky was acquired  by Lockheed Martin. Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that – with the addition of Sikorsky – employs approximately 105,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services.


The CRITT TJFU is the European Centre of Research and Innovation and Technology Transfer in Jet Fluid Techniques for surface treatment and functionalization and materials machining.

Born in 1984, the Centre has been awarded by the French ministry of research and industry as the Centre of Technological Resources (CRT) in 1998 and then has become the laboratory of Carnot Institute in Energy and Environment in Lorraine (ICEEL) since 2007.

He develops scientific and technological knowledge and know-how in surface engineering that are fluid jet processed by material removal or material deposition methods using industrial fluid jet installations. These processes are built based on innovative clean and friendly environmental technologies such as high pressure SuperCritical cryogenic Nitrogen jet (SCNjet), Cold Spray (CS) and high-pressure waterjet. He implements technological solutions such as those conferring new properties to substrates such as electric and thermal conduction obtained by mechanical & metallurgy embedment of metallic layer obtained by powder deposition anchored to the top subsurface of polymers and composites Polymer Metal Component (PMC). This could be obtained thanks to the hybridizing of SCNjet (to form first PMC precoat that is mechanically bonded to the polymer) followed by CS deposition (to form the metallic topcoat by growing up the PMC precoat mechanically & metallurgical sealed). The CRITT TJFU holds means and expertise in machining (CAM) and structure calculation and design (CAD) using numerical simulation based SOLIDWORKS and CFD Fluent codes. The Centre acquired a longue experience as RTD performer and as a coordinator of European and French R&D projects [ANR JAZOLTHOP, PCRDT, INTERREG…]. He disseminates relevant research results within international journals / conferences and transfers the R&D results and technological solutions to companies.

Role in the project :

In the project, the CRITT TJFU will bring in the implementation of innovative metallization solutions based on both High and Low pressure cold spray deposition hybridized with metallic precoat that’s obtained by using mechanical powder embedment assisted SCNjet. He will carry out both the feasibility and the optimization tests as scheduled in WP1, WP2 and WP4. And he will use his cold spray and SCNjet installations in all the deposition tests as well as his CAD CAM codes for the design and manufacture of the fixture and clamping system of the demonstrator as scheduled in WP4.

Univertisté de Lorraine

Université de Lorraine promotes innovation through the dialogue of knowledge, taking advantage of the variety and strength of its scientific fields, and aiming at the promotion of knowledge transfer to irrigate innovation and economic growth as well as the progress of fundamental science.

Being the university of a whole region, Université de Lorraine is a major actor of its economic and social development, building on intercultural and intergeneration links, coordinating a regional research policy, and giving access to higher education to as many inhabitants as possible.

Université de Lorraine offers curricula in all fields of knowledge: sciences, health, technology, engineering sciences, human and social sciences, law, economy, management, arts, literature and language. A specific focus is given to crossovers between fields and skills, to help students develop their own pathway. 

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LIST - Maison de l’innovation, Esch sur Alzette - Luxembourg
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CRITT METALL 2T, Institut Jean Lamour – Campus ARTEM, Nancy, France